If bush camping is not your preference, three Caravan Parks are located in close proximity to the Town, for Designated Fossicking areas a Camping Permit is required although not enforced to any great degree. The most important points are not to camp on anybody else's Claim or Lease and not within the Town Boundary. The areas around Sapphire are preferred because of the easy access to water and facilities.
Where to Fossick
areas are located in and around the township; Rubyvale designated land, Reward, Middle Ridge, Scrub Head, Divide, and Tomahawk Creek. With the exception of Tomahawk Creek (42 Klm) all fields are reasonably close to the town.
Fossicking Method: Where to Dig
For the Beginner, the most important step is to identify a preferred area to dig. In designated fossicking areas, this is easily identified. The Queensland Department of Mines and Energy has designated tracks of land where Sapphire
can be found. Many fossickers who have been there previously have dug holes in productive areas. Choose a hole not occupied by others and clean it out or extend the hole leading toward virgin ground. To know if the hole is occupied, it is common practice to leave a bucket or similar in the hole. This is a well understood unwritten rule in this area.
At the face of the hole you will notice top soil which contains vegetation; the sub-soil that supports the top soil, and then a rubbly or friable band containing iron stones, small pebbles and maybe medium sized basalt rocks. This is known as the wash and is the remnants of an ancient creek or river bed. All of the above rests on a bed of clay. It is in the wash that the sapphire's are found. Experienced fossickers will readily identify the geology of the area and investigate other potential sapphire bearing wash.
Extracting the Sapphire
Extracting the sapphire relies on the principle that sapphire has a greater specific gravity e.g. is heavier for given size than all other stones except diamonds. The most common method is to remove the dust from the wash, clean the stones using the sieves and Willoughby, this is commonly known as the wet sieve method.
Once the stones are clean, flip the sieve upside down onto a hessian bag, or similar on a table positioned in the sunlight. Starting at the center, examine the washed stoned carefully for colour. The most likely colours will be blue, green, yellow, red and orange. Red and orange coloured stones will more than likely be zircon's. Examine the entire contents of each sieve keeping in mind that Star Sapphire's and other gemstones may also be found.
Most areas are serviced by reasonable gravel formed roadways and again depending upon where you wish to access, a conventional 2WD is adequate, however, some areas do require 4WD. Seek local advice if you are not sure, they are pleased to discuss the area and assist you with you stay. Tracks on the designated fields are easily seen and generally well worn. In our experience we have rarely selected 4WD. There are plenty of areas to dig within the range of conventional vehicles.