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Sapphire Information
Sapphire is a gem variety of mineral corundum and its crystal system is trigonal with a MBule-Green Emerald cut Sapphireohs hardness rating of 9. Its chemistry make-up is mainly Aluminium oxide but traces of different elements can cause varying colours, if a stone is red then it is known as a Ruby. The colours of Sapphire are caused by varying trace elements of iron, titanium and nickel. It can be polished to a high vitreous lustre making it a popular jewellery item.
Australian Sapphire can be found in many locations on the East coast. The main fossicking areas are in the New England area of New South Wales around Glen Innes and Inverell and in the Central Queensland Gemfields, around Anakie, Sapphire, Rubyvale, Gelnalva and The Willows. The New England area produces some of the finest blue sapphire in Australia. Common colours found are yellow, green, pink, pale blue through to deep blue.
Where to Find Sapphire
Central Queensland
New South Wales

Sapphire Properties
Aluminium Oxide
Crystal System
Refractive Index
1.76 - 1.78
Specific Gravity
3.90 - 4.00
Sapphire Fields
The information listed on this page refers to main sapphire fields in Australia that cater well for tourists. Most locations outlined provide good vehicle access, services for tourists such as caravan parks and various forms of accommodation, water points and free and low cost camping. Various low cost tourist mining activities are also provided.
Fossicking is also well catered for with designated fossicking areas being provided by the State Governments; fossicking regulations apply for each State.
Central Queensland Gemfields
SunriseThe Central Queensland Gemfields are located 307km West of Rockhamption Queensland via the Capricorn Highway. This area encompassing some 640 square kilometres of designated fossicking land, is a main drawcard for those interested in finding a precious stone or two. Many gemstones are found each season, some extremely valuable. Most popular times for fossicking in these fields is late April to September. Anakie, Rubyvale and Sapphire are the main towns of the gemfields, with the main rural city of Emerald being 67km away.
View Mud MapA permit is required to fossick on the Designated Fossicking Land. Designated Fossicking Land is a State Wide Network of reserved ground to allow people access to the States vast Gemstone and Mineral Deposits. Other conditions apply for Private Land, State Forests etc. Information is readily available from Queensland Mineral and Energy Centre.
New England District of New South Whales
Lime-green SapphireThe New England District encompasses the main country towns of Inverell and Glen Innes, both are located on the Gwydir Highway. Glen Innes is located 157km West of Graphton NSW, with Inverell being a further 67km West of Glen Innes. The district has many smaller townships, such as Deep Water, Emmaville, Wellingrove, Torrington, Elsmore and Tinga
A great variety of gemstones can be found in this district. The main Sapphire locations are centered around Inverell and Glen Innes. These areas are best fossicked in the shoulder seasons before and after winter. Sapphire found in these areas are predominately blue. Since 1992 it is no longer necessary to hold a fossickers licence in New South Whales (NSW).
The greatest concentration of Sapphire in NSW is in the New England fold belt, centred round the Glen Innes and Inverell regions. This region is well known for its wide variety of Gemstones and Minerals; beginning in the west at Bingara, spreading out each side of the Gwydir Highway and travelling east to the foothills of the Great Dividing Range is a belt of high concentration containing Sapphire, Zircon, Topaz, Quartz varieties, Cassiterite, Molybdenite, Garnet, Aquamarine, Tourmaline to name a few.
September Birthstone
It is believed that the Sapphire is a serene stone and can help find the way to peacefulness. It can also help with depression and concentration problems. It is believed that Sapphire can help restore balance within the body by easing stress and tension. Sapphire has an affinity with Gemini, Libra, Virgo, Taurus and Capricorn. Refer to the Zodiac Birthstone Chart for additional information.


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